GxP in pharmaceuticals stands for Good Practice; it ensures the quality and effectiveness of products for drugs, food, medical equipment, and other life-serving products as per regulatory standards.
Means of GxP in Pharmaceuticals:
GxP is part of Good practice because its related to the manufacturing of life-saving products. GxP helped in controlling the product development process and identified the consistent production of quality products.
G= for Good, x= for a particular field, and P= for Practice
GDP= good distribution practice
GCP= Good clinical practice
GAMP= Good automated manufacturing practice
GACP= Good agricultural and collection practice.
Why is GxP in industries important?
GxP in pharmaceuticals helps to control the potential risk to human health from the products they consume. GxP compliance is under the control of the regulator’s body and government agency. These different agencies monitored and controlled over it by distributing certification and planning of inspection and auditing. Other important area includes:
Data integrity is a crucial element for GxP. Understanding the data is correct and recorded adequately with up to date and easily accessible and give a high level of accuracy.
It is essential to do documentation, accountability, and traceability of a product throughout its life cycle. It demonstrates that the end product is manufactured and if any non-conformance observed are identified and corrected simultaneously.
What is GMP? (Good manufacturing practice)
GMP stands for Good documentation practice, also described as cGMP (current documentation practice) to ensure pharma products, medical equipment, and other regulated products are consistently produced in a controlled manner as per quality standards. It reduced the harm and potential risk to consumers.
The regulatory body like the US FDA ensures it by visiting different manufacturing sites and in vitro diagnostics to identify the follow-up of cGMP worldwide by the highly qualified FDA staff.
GLP( Good laboratory practice):
GLP (Good laboratory practice) covers guidelines related to medicine, pesticides, cosmetics, veterinary drugs, and food additives.
The objective of GLP is procuring data integrity through GDP (Good documentation practice). GDP ensures documentation is safe and secure and readily available whenever required.GLP ensures that data obtained during different studies are accurate and reflect the exact result.
Good laboratory practice is reproduced by the QMS (Quality management system), and it ensures that every step taken consistently is appropriate
Good distribution practice (GDP):
GDP (Good distribution practice) is significant for the sale, distribution, supply, and import of medicines.no body and company can direct do it without GDP practice. These guidelines ensure the supply chain of human medicine from manufacture to wholesale or pharmacy and then to the public.
The guidelines ensure the following functions:
- Storage of medicine and medical-related products in a specified condition.
- To prevent tampering and contamination.
- To manage complains and recalls.
- Ensure authorized products enter the supply chain.
Good clinical practice (GCP):
GCP (Good clinical practice) is designed to regulate standards for conducting and reporting the different clinical trials on humans. The organization ensures accurate data and safety on clinical trials.
- Before conduct, a clinical trial, the possible risk must count against the expected gains. Risk factors must be less than expected benefits.
- Before starting, trials, procedures, and parameters must be authorized by the concerned review board and committee.
- The information related to trials must be shared with all personnel involved with proper training, education, and stage to be involved.
- All informational data must be recorded and stored at every stage.
- The records related to the subject must be confidential.