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Dentifrices; Types, Formulation, and Evaluation

Dentifrices are the preparations ‘intended to cleanse the teeth of food debris, prevent calculus and plaque formation, polish to impart luster to the teeth and leave a refreshing feeling in the mouth.


Types of Dentifrices:

Tooth Powder

Tooth powder is a powder Containing abrasives, detergents, sweetening agents, etc, meant for cleaning teeth. Abrasive, binder, surfactant, and humectants are all necessary components. There are many other substances utilized. A fluoride-containing toothpaste is also recommended by the scientific and dental communities. The primary goal of the paste is to aid in the removal of dirt and plaque, while some brands claim to have additional benefits such as breath refreshing and tooth whitening.

Organic Tooth Powder:

Tooth Paste

Tooth powder can be used instead of toothpaste. There are fluoride and non-fluoride versions available.
The Romans utilized a variety of materials to make tooth powder, including animal bones, hoofs, and horns; crabs; eggshells; and oyster and murex shells. After being burned, they were reduced to a fine powder and occasionally combined with honey.
Ground myrrh, niter, and hart shorn were occasionally used as ingredients. Tooth powder was used to clean and whiten teeth, as well as to secure them when they became loose, strengthen gums, and relieve pain.

Mouths wash

Many mouths wash promises to destroy bacteria that cause plaque or to refresh breath. They are normally used after brushing in their most basic form, but some brands recommend rinsing before brushing. Mouthwash should be used as a supplement to brushing rather than as a replacement, according to dental studies, because plaque’s sticky resistance prevents it from being effectively eliminated by chemicals alone, prompting the manual separation of the sticky proteins.

Formulation of Tooth Powder:

Abrasive and polishing agents: Calcium carbonate Dicalcium phosphate, tricalcium phosphate, and sodium metaphosphates are some of the abrasive agents most commonly used in tooth powders.

Detergents and Foaming agents: Sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium lauryl sarcosinate, diethyl sodium. sulfosuccinate, magnesium lauryl sulphate, and soaps like sodium palmitate are some of the detergents and foaming agents in tooth powders.

Sweetening agents: The most prevalent sweetening compound is saccharin sodium.

Flavoring agents: Flavors include anise oil, peppermint oil, clove oil, cinnamon oil, spearmint oil, and others. Toothpaste is simply a tooth powder wet to make a paste.

Formulations of Tooth Paste:

  • Abrasives & polishing agents
  • Detergents & Foaming agents
  • Humectants
  • Binding agents
  • Sweetening agents
  • Flavoring agents
  • Preservatives
  • Colour
  • Miscellaneous — Anticarries agents; antibacterial agents; desensitizing agents

Formulation of Toothpaste is similar to Tooth Powders except that pastes contain humectants, binding agents, and preservatives which are not usually added to tooth powders

Humectants: Glycerine, propylene glycol, and Sorbitol are usually added in 10-30%.

Binding agents: Binders in toothpaste include tragacanth gum, gum Arabic, karaya gum, sodium alginate, agar veegum, bentonite, and others.

Preservatives: Preservatives such as methylparaben and propylparaben are mostly used.

Anticaries agents: Sodium fluoride, sodium lauryl sarcosinate, etc. are frequently used as anti-carcinogenic.
Anti-bacterial: Triclosan is one of the antibacterials nowadays used most widely in toothpaste.

Desensitizers: Potassium nitrate and strontium chloride are used to reduce teeth sensitivity to hot and cold.

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Dentifrices are evaluated for :

Abrasiveness, Particle Size, cleaning properties, foaming ability, pH, and consistency.

FAQ ( Frequently Asked Questions On Dentifrices)

What are Some Commercial Brands of Toothpastes?

Pepsodent,Close up,Colgate,Meswak, and Dabur

What are Some Commercial Brands of Toothpowders?

Colgate,Dabur red, and Vico vajardanti

What is the use of dentifrices?

Dentifrices are toothpaste that is designed to clean the teeth of food debris, prevent calculus and plaque formation, and polish the teeth to give them a lustrous sheen.

What are dentifrices examples?

Tooth powder, and Toothpaste

What is the dentifrice’s composition?

Precipitated calcium carbonate 39.5%
Glycerol 20%
Sodium Lauryl Sulphate 6.3%
Gum Tragacanth 0.4%
Sodium Saccharine 0.1%
Peppermint oil 1.2%
Water 32.5%

  • Naresh Bhakar

    Naresh Bhakar is the Founder and Author at Pharmaguddu.com, bringing his extensive expertise in the field of pharmaceuticals to readers worldwide. He has exprience in Pharma manufactring and worked with top Pharmaceuticals. He has rich knowledge and provides valuable insights and data through his articles and content on Pharmaguddu.com. For further inquiries or collaborations, please don't hesitate to reach out via email at [email protected].

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