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1.0 M Sulfuric Acid Solution- Preparation, Standardization, Reagents, Formula

Objective: The purpose of this experiment is to standardize 1.0 M Sulfuric Acid.

In lab a girl is standing with 1.0 M Sulfuric Acid solution

Materials used for 1.0 M Sulfuric Acid:

Equipment: Beaker, Funnel, Pipette, Burette
Chemicals: H2SO4, Phenolphthalein solution, and Anhydrous sodium carbonate.


Methyl orange is commonly used as an indicator in titrations. In an alkaline solution, methyl orange appears yellow and has the following structure:


(A) Preparation of Sulfuric Acid (1.0 M):

Slowly add 30 ml of sulfuric acid to about 1000 ml of water while stirring.
Allow the solution to cool at 25°C.

(B) Standardization of Sulfuric Acid (1.0 M):

  1. Accurately weigh about 1.5 g of anhydrous sodium carbonate powder on a watch glass.
  2. Transfer the solid completely into a 250 ml beaker containing approximately 50 cm3 of distilled water.
  3. Wash the watch glass thoroughly using a washing bottle. Transfer all the washings into the beaker, then add more H2O to dissolve the remaining solid.
  4. Stir the solution with a glass rod to facilitate the dissolving process.
  5. Now, Transfer the solution with care into a 250 ml measuring flask using a funnel and a glass stick.
  6. Rinse the beaker, glass rod, and inner surface of the funnel with water, and transfer all washings to the volumetric flask.
  7. Repeat the rinsing process 2 or 3 times.
  8. Add water to add the solution volume up to 250 ml in the volumetric flask.
  9. Take 25 ml of the sodium carbonate solution and carefully pour it into a cone-shaped flask. Next, add a few drops of methyl orange indicator into the same flask.
  10. Titrate the sodium carbonate solution against the sulfuric acid solution until the color changes from yellow to reddish-orange.


1.0 M Sulfuric Acid Reaction


(A) Factor Calculations:

The molecular weight of Sodium Carbonate (Na2CO3) = 105.98 g.

From the reaction:
1 mol of H2SO4 is equivalent to 1 mol of Na2CO3.
Therefore, 1000 ml of 1.0 M H2SO4 equals to 105.98 g of Na2CO3.
Hence, 1 ml of 0.5 Molar H2SO4 (Sulfuric Acid) is equivalent to 0.05299 g of Na2CO3.

Related Post: 0.1 M Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH), Preparation and Standardization
Preparation and Standardization of 1 M Sodium Hydroxide Solution (NaOH)
Preparation and Standardization of 1.0 M Hydrochloric Acid

(B) Determination of Normality:

1 ml of 0.5 M H2SO4 is equivalent to 0.05299 g of Na2CO3.
So, (B.R) ml of 1.0 M H2SO4 is equivalent to 1.5 g of Na2CO3.
Hence, A = 1 × 1.5 / (B.R) × 0.05299.


The normality of the given H2SO4 is found to be “A” N.

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