0.1 M Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH), Preparation and Standardization

instruments for 0.1 M Sodium Hydroxide

Preparation and Standardization of 0.1 M Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) in the Laboratory. Reagents: 1 Sodium hydroxide 2 Potassium hydrogen phthalate 3 Phenolphthalein solution. Chemical Reaction Principle: In this process, we will directly measure the strength of potassium hydrogen phthalate by using sodium hydroxide. To find the endpoint, we’ll use phenolphthalein as an indicator. Let’s understand … Read more

Preparation and Standardization of 1 M Sodium Hydroxide Solution (NaOH)

Preparation and Standardization of 1 M Sodium Hydroxide Solution (NaOH)

In this experiment, we will focus on the preparation and standardization of a 1 M Sodium Hydroxide solution. Molarity and How to Prepare 1 M NaOH with Example: Example for factor calculation for standardization of 1 m NaOH:Na=23O=16H=1Total= 40 gm. Reagents Required for Preparation and Standardization of 1 M NaOH: 1 Sodium Hydroxide 2 Potassium … Read more

Preparation and Standardization of 1.0 M Hydrochloric Acid

Name: Preparation and Standardization of 1.0 M Hydrochloric Acid in Pharmaceutical Laboratory. Reagents: Use the following reagents to prepare and Standardization of 1.0 M Hydrochloric Acid: 1 Hydrochloric Acid. 2 Anhydrous Sodium Carbonate 3 Methyl Red Method of Preparation of 1.0 M Hydrochloric Acid: To make 1.0 M hydrochloric acid, dilute 85.0 ml of concentrated … Read more

Quality Control Test for Secondary Packing Materials

The Quality control test is to be done to check the build quality of the packaging materials in pharmaceuticals. The quality control officer is responsible for sampling and checking their quality as per given parameters. Once passing of all these parameters QC officer makes entries logbook and prepares a release note for further processing. Now … Read more

Autoclave Qualification Tests, Purpose, Procedure, and Acceptance Criteria

There are various Autoclave Qualification Tests that need to be done along with procedure and acceptance criteria. Autoclave works by using heat and pressure to kill the microorganisms such as bacteria and spores so it becomes very crucial or very important equipment for sterilization processes In this article we will go through the few prerequisites … Read more

Limit Test for Lead: Principle, Reagent, Procedure and Observation

Lead is a most undesirable impurity in pharma compounds and comes through the use of sulphuric acid, lead-lined apparatus, and glass bottles used for the storage of chemical materials so, we do a Limit Test for Lead to identify the acceptance level of lead in a sample. Limit test for lead Principle The limit test … Read more

Limit Test for Sulphate: Principle, Reaction, Procedure and Result

The Limit Test for Sulphate is designed to determine the allowable limit of Sulphate contained in a sample. Principle: The principle for the limit test of Sulphate is based on the reaction of soluble Sulphate with barium chloride in the presence of dilute hydrochloric acid to form barium Sulphate which appears as turbidity with a … Read more

Limit test in Pharmaceuticals / inorganic chemistry

In pharmaceutical analysis, a limit test is a type of analytical test used to determine impurity in a substance whether a substance is present in a sample at a concentration above or below a specified limit. Limit tests are often used to ensure that a substance meets certain quality standards or regulatory requirements. Definition The … Read more

Methyl Orange indicator Preparation | How to make w/v Methyl Orange

Aim: Methyl Orange Indicator Preparation | How to make w/v methyl orange Requirements: Glasswares: Burette, burette stand, conical flask, volumetric pipette, beaker, measuring flask, funnel, glass rod, wash bottle, storage container, etc. Chemicals: Methyl orange, Ethanol 20 ml, and Distilled water. Procedure for Methyl Orange Indicator preparation Related Post: Preparation and Standardization of 0.1 N HCl

Preparation and Standardization of 0.1 N HCl

To Preparation and Standardization of 0.1 N HCl utilizing sodium carbonate (also comprehended as washing soda, soda ash, and soda crystals) as the primary standard (Acid-base titration). Prerequisites for preparation and standardization of 0.1 N HCL: Glasswares: Burette, stand for burette, a conical flask, volumetric pipette to makeup volume, beaker, volumetric flask, funnel, glass rod, … Read more

Moisture Content and Loss On Drying (LOD) in Pharmaceuticals

Sometimes we may confused when it comes to understanding the difference between moisture content and Loss on Drying (LOD). To clear your doubts, please read the entire section of this post. Firstly, let’s discuss about moisture analyzers. A moisture analyzer is used to determine the water content in a sample. Then a few questions arise … Read more

High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)

High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) is used in pharmaceuticals for the analysis of drug mixture and their components. HPLC is reverse-phase Liquid Chromatography. This technique is used for thermal labile, high molecular weight peptides, and non-volatile compounds. The main purpose of HPLC is used to examine the mixture for its identification, impurities, and purification. The mixture … Read more

Injectable | Parenteral | Sterile Preparations, types, Standard test

Injectable preparations, also known as parenteral preparations, are sterile formulations used for parenteral infusion or implantation. They are administered by injection to maintain sterility and prevent contamination by foreign matter, pyrogens, microorganisms, and bacterial endotoxins. These preparations must be made using methods that ensure sterility. Water for injection (WFI) is commonly used as a vehicle … Read more